Afghanistan Remains Most Violent Country of the Region: Monthly Security Report


By S.M.Ahmed

Click to download PDF file

The Conflict Monitoring Center has issued its monthly Security Report covering anti-state violent incidents in three major states of South Asia i.e. Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. The CMC records all anti-state violent incidence through mainstream media. The report highlights militant activities and counter insurgency operations by security forces in South Asia. Afghanistan remains most violent state of the region with highest number of violent incidents and resultant casualties. Here is the complete report. You can also download PDF format of the report by clicking here

Introduction       

The Conflict Monitoring Center (CMC) is an Islamabad based independent research organization which focuses on anti-state and anti-government insurgencies and counter-militancy campaigns in South Asia, particularly Afghanistan, India and Pakistan. It incorporates its findings in monthly security reports and releases them to the press for general information as well as scholarly analysis. CMC prepares monthly reports based on data collected from mainstream national and international media organizations.

Methodology:

            The incidents of violence, arising out of political conflicts, such as anti-state and / or anti-government insurgencies and counter-militancy campaigns, reported in national and internal media organizations, are recorded on daily basis. These incidents are divided into three broad categories, i.e., security forces actions, militants’ activities, and others. The former refers to the actions of armed forces, paramilitary forces, police etc. These actions have been further divided into air-raids, security forces operations (which include all ground operations including search and clearance operations), shelling, and others. The militant activities refer to all sorts of insurgents’ actions carried
out by anti-state or anti-government elements against security forces, government machinery, and civilian targets. These activities are further divided into assaults (including raids and ambushes), bomb blasts, suicide attacks, and target killings etc. The third or the other category includes drone attacks, cross border firing / shelling, mysterious killings, suicides etc. The data is processed for each country and province / region as well as attack-wise for each month.

Geographical Divisions:

            For analytical convenience and generalization, Afghanistanand Indiaare divided geographically into 4 and 5 parts (regions), respectively, i.e. eastern, northern, southern and western (and also northeastern for India).[1] Pakistan is divided in to four provinces, besides, Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), FATA, Northern Areas, and Azad Kashmir.

 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

            The political conflicts continued to breed violence in three main South Asian states, i.e.Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan taking as many as 1348 lives and leaving more than nine hundreds others injured in 353 different incidents during the month of September 2011. Afghanistan being controlled by the coalition forces remained the worst hit state by violence as more than one half of the total incidents of armed conflicts and about two thirds of the resultant deaths were reported in the country. At least 177 violent incidents took lives of 887 people and left 374 others injured inAfghanistan. InPakistan, 113 incidents took lives of at least 397 people and inflicted injuries to more than 464 others. At least 64 people were killed and 113 others sustained injuries in 63 different incidents in India. About two-thirds of the victims of the armed conflicts in the entire region were alleged militants whereas civilians’ deaths constituted about 22.25 % of the total fatalities. At least 181 security personnel, forming 13 percent of the total casualties, also lost their lives during the reported month. Out of them 121 were killed inAfghanistan, 11 inIndiaand 49 inPakistan.

          The security forces actions took more lives than those killed in insurgencies in the region and most of their victims were the alleged militants. In all, security forces took 741 lives in 150 different incidents. Those killed in security forces actions included 685 alleged militants, 32 civilians and 24 security personnel. The highest security forces actions as well as resultant deaths including highest civilians’ casualties were reported inAfghanistan where 604 people, including 566 alleged militants and 30 civilians, were killed in 78 different incidents.

          On the other hand, the insurgents took lives of 585 people and left 730 others injured in 199 different incidents in the region.Afghanistan remained worst hit country by insurgency both in terms of total number of incidents as well as resultant deaths in a single state. The militants took 283 lives and left 278 others wounded in 99 different incidents inAfghanistan. InPakistan, 262 people were killed and 346 others injured in 73 militants’ activities. InIndia, 27 militants’ activities took 40 lives and injured 106 others.

          The civilian deaths in insurgencies remained significantly high in the region constituting about 46 percent of the total deaths in militants’ activities. The highest civilians’ deaths in insurgency were reported inAfghanistan followed byPakistan, i.e. 122 and 110, respectively. InPakistan, the suicide attacks and bomb blasts mostly took lives of civilians. The lowest civilians’ deaths in security forces actions were also reported inPakistan.

          The eastern and southern regions inAfghanistan, eastern, northern, and northeastern region inIndia and FATA,Khyber PK and Baluchistan inPakistan are the worst hit areas by violence in the region. The American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) continued its drone campaign to target suspected militants in FATA killing at least 22 people and leaving 9 others injured in 4 different attacks during the month.

           

SOUTH ASIA SECURITY REPORT: SEPTEMBER 2011

 1. REGIONAL SECURITY PROFILE:

            Everyday of September 2011 witnessed about 12 incidents of armed conflicts and 45 resultant killings in three South Asian states, i.e. Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan (in alphabetical order). In average, every fifth person killed in the region was a civilian whereas militants’ deaths remained highest among the total victims of anti-state and /or anti-government insurgencies and counter-militancy campaigns in the region.

            In a continued wave of political violence, arising out of the anti-state and / or anti government insurgencies and counter-militancy campaigns, at least 1348 people were killed and more than nine hundred others were injured in 353 different incidents in three South Asian states, i.e.Afghanistan, India, andPakistan, during the month of September 2011.Afghanistanremained the worst victim of violence as more than one-half of the total incidents of armed conflicts and about two thirds of the resultant deaths were observed inAfghanistan. At least 887 people were killed and 374 others left wounded in some 177 different incidents inAfghanistan. InPakistan, 113 incidents took lives of at least 397 people and inflicted injuries to more than 464 others. InIndia, at least 64 people were killed and 113 others sustained injuries in 63 different incidents during the last month. About two-thirds of the victims of the armed conflicts were alleged militants whereas civilians’ deaths constituted about 22.25 % of the total fatalities. At least 181 security personnel, forming 13 percent of the total casualties, also lost their lives during the reported month. The country–wise details of casualties in armed conflicts in the region are given as under:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF TOTAL CASUALTIES IN SOUTH ASIA

S.#

Country name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

177

121

614

152

887

150

100

124

374

2.

INDIA

63

11

16

37

64

11

2

100

113

3.

PAKISTAN

113

49

237

111

397

96

108

260

464

GRAND TOTAL

353

181

867

300

1348

257

210

484

951

 

1.1 MILITANT ACTIVITIES

            The militants took at least 585 lives and inflicted injuries to 730 other people in some 199 different incidents in three countries during September 2011. The highest number of militants’ activities and resultant deaths were reported inAfghanistanwhere at least 283 people were killed and 278 others were injured in about 99 different incidents. The militants killed at least 113 security personnel and inflicted injuries to 148 others in the country. Nevertheless, civilians’ deaths remained highest among the total victims of insurgency during the month. InPakistan, insurgency took lives of at least 262 people and left 346 others injured in 73 different incidents. The militants themselves remained the largest victims of their activities while civilians’ deaths in militancy also remained significantly high. The militants took lives of 110 civilians and inflicted injuries to 257 others inPakistan. At least, 41 security personnel also lost their lives and 83 others sustained injuries. InIndia, militants killed 40 people and left 106 others in some 27 different incidents. Those killed included 36 civilians and 3 security personnel. The country–wise breakup of militants’ activities and resultant deaths is given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANT ACTIVITIES

S.#

Country name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

99

113

48

122

283

148

6

124

278

2.

INDIA

27

3

1

36

40

4

2

100

106

3.

PAKISTAN

73

41

111

110

262

83

5

257

346

GRAND TOTAL

199

157

160

268

585

236

13

481

730

 

1.2     SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

            The counter-insurgency campaigns took lives of at least 741 people and left 212 others wounded in the three regional states during the reported month. More than one-half of the numbers of incidents and more than four-fifths of the resultant fatalities were reported in Afghanistan. The security forces killed at least 604 people including 566 alleged militants and 30 civilians in the country. At least eight security personnel were also killed during the anti-militancy campaign inAfghanistan. InPakistan, the security forces killed at least 113 people and left 109 others injured in 36 different incidents. The insurgents remained the largest victims of security forces actions in the country as the number of alleged militants killed and injured during the month remained 104 and 94, respectively. At least 8 security personnel, besides a civilian, also lost their lives in anti-militancy campaign inPakistan. InIndia, security forces actions took lives of 24 people and inflicted injuries to 7 others. Those killed included 15 alleged militants, 8 security personnel and a civilian. The country–wise details of the security forces actions / operations are given below:

COUNTRY WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES OPERATIONS

S.#

Country name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

AFGANISTAN

78

8

566

30

604

2

94

0

96

2.

INDIA

36

8

15

1

24

7

0

0

7

3.

PAKISTAN

36

8

104

1

113

12

94

3

109

GRAND TOTAL

150

24

685

32

741

21

188

3

212


1.3   MILITANTS ARRESTED

During last month, 612 militants were arrested in three major countries of South Asia. Majority of them (486) were arrested in Afghanistan while 43 militants in Pakistan and 83 in India were also nabbed during the period.

1.4  US DRONE ATTACKS IN PAKISTAN

 The US premier spy agency, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), continued its cross-border militants-hunt-drone campaign during the month. It carried out 4 drone attacks and fired 9 missiles on 4 different days killing at least 22 suspected militants and injured 9 others during the month of September 2011.

2. COUNTRY REPORTS:

 2.1     AFGHANISTAN:

            The insurgency and counter – militancy campaign took lives of at least 887 people and inflicted injuries to more than four hundred others in 177 different incidents in Afghanistan during the month of September 2011. Most of the victims of armed conflicts were alleged militants while civilians’ deaths also remained significantly high. Those killed included 614 alleged militants, 152 civilians and 121 security personnel. More than two-thirds of the total deaths were caused by security forces actions, which took 60 lives in 78 different incidents. More than nine-tenth, i.e.94 %, of the victims of security forces actions were said to be the alleged militants. The campaign also took lives of 30 civilians and 8 security personnel in the country. The militants’ activities took lives of 283 people and inflicted injuries to 278 others in 99 different incidents. The victims included 113 security personnel, 122 civilians and 48 militants. The breakup of incidents of violence and resultant casualties is given as under:

CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN AFGHANISTAN

S.#

Nature of Attack

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militant Activities

99

113

48

122

283

148

6

124

278

2.

Security Forces Actions

78

8

566

30

604

2

94

0

96

GRAND TOTAL

177

121

614

152

887

150

100

124

487

2.1.1 MILITANT ACTIVITIES:

           It has been observed during the study that militants are operating in almost all parts of Afghanistan. Their activities, however, were more intense in some areas than others. The eastern region, comprising eastern and central parts of the country, remained most troubled area where highest numbers of militant activities as well as resultant deaths were reported during the month. However, the highest casualties of security personnel were reported in the southern region. The militants killed 106 people and injured 151 others in 34 attacks in the eastern region. The civilians’ deaths constituted the highest among the total victims of insurgency in the region where 47 civilians, 30 security personnel and 29 alleged militants lost their lives. In southern region, 32 militants’ activities were reported which took lives of 90 people and injured 80 others. The security forces’(including NATO as well as Afghan National Army and Police) deaths formed the highest among the total casualties in the region as 53 men in uniform were killed by militants in the region. At least 20 civilians and 17 militants were also killed in the region. In northern region, militants killed 51 people, including 33 civilians and 17 security personnel in 22 different incidents. In western region, 11 militants’ activities took 36 lives and injured 19 others. Those killed included 22 civilians and 13 security personnel. The region-wise breakup of militant activities and consequent casualties is given below:

REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANT ACTIVITIES (AFGHANISTAN)

S.#

Region

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Eastern Region

34

30

29

47

106

106

2

43

151

2.

Northern Region

22

17

1

33

51

7

0

21

28

3.

Southern Region

32

53

17

20

90

29

4

47

80

4.

Western Region

11

13

1

22

36

6

0

13

19

GRAND TOTAL

99

113

48

122

283

148

6

124

278

            The militants’ used different tools of violence including assaults (ambushes and raids), bomb blasts, and suicide attacks etc. to gain their political objectives. The bomb blasts or IEDs, however, remained the most frequently used as well as the deadliest weapon. At least 155 people were killed and 71 others injured in 55 IEDs attacks. The civilians’ casualties constituted highest among the total fatalities caused by bomb blasts, followed by the deaths of security personnel. At least 70 civilians, 50 security personnel and 21 militants were killed in bomb blasts. The militants also carried out at least 31 assaults (including raids and ambushes) killing as many as 70 people including 35 security personnel and 22 civilians. At least 39 people were killed and 155 others sustained injuries in 12 suicide attacks. Those killed include 18 civilians and 10 security personnel. Among the injured included 111 security personnel and 42 civilians. The breakup of the militants’ activities and resultant killings is given below:

MILITANT ACTIVITIES

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

AFGHANISTAN

Assault

31

35

13

22

70

23

0

17

40

Bomb blast

50

64

21

70

155

14

3

54

71

Suicide Attack

11

10

11

18

39

111

2

42

155

Rocket / Mortar Attack

4

4

0

5

9

0

0

11

11

Kidnapped & killing

1

0

0

6

6

0

0

0

0

Targeted Killing

1

0

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

Other

1

0

3

0

3

0

1

0

1

TOTAL:

99

113 48 122 283 148 6 124 278

2.1.2  SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

            The US-led coalition forces killed at least 604 people and inflicted injuries to more than 96 others in the counter–insurgency campaign in Afghanistan during September 2011. Most of the people were killed in ground operations, which took 541 lives in 68 different incidents. More than nine-tenths of the victims of ground operations were the alleged militants, i.e.506. Besides, 30 civilians and 5 security personnel were also killed in these actions. At least 60 people, all alleged militants, were killed in eight air-raids. An Afghan solider had shot dead three security personnel including two ISAF troops. The breakup of security forces actions and ensuing casualties is given below:

SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

AFGHANISTAN

Air raid

8

0

60

0

60

0

0

0

0

Security Forces actions

68

5

506

30

541

2

94

0

96

Other(s) /

 Friendly fire

1

3

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

TOTAL:

77

8

566

30

604

2

94

0

96

            The security forces carried out anti-insurgency operations in all parts of the country. However, most of the security forces actions and resultant casualties were reported in the eastern region (comprising mostly central and eastern provinces) where 207 people were killed and 33 others injured in 34 different security forces actions. Those killed mostly included the alleged militants, i.e.174. A significant numbers of civilians were also killed in security operations in the area, i.e.29. In northern region, 47 people including 46 militants were killed in 11 different incidents. The security forces carried out 13 anti-militancy operations in the southern region killing 45 people including 44 militants. At least 22 people, all alleged militants, were killed in two incidents in the western region. Reportedly, the security forces carried out 17 operations in the country, where areas were not clearly mentioned, and killed 280 people and left 48 others injured. Those killed included 277 militants and 3 security forces. The region-wise breakup of security forces actions and resultant deaths is given below:

REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS (AFGHANISTAN)

S.#

Region

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Eastern Region

34

4

174

29

207

0

33

0

33

2.

Northern Region

11

0

46

1

47

0

6

0

6

3.

Southern Region

13

1

44

0

45

0

9

0

9

4

Western Region

2

0

22

0

22

0

0

0

0

5.

Region  not Specified

17

3

277

0

280

2

46

0

48

GRAND TOTAL

77

8

563

30

601

2

94

0

96

 

2.2 INDIA:

The anti-state and anti-government insurgencies and counter-militancy operations took lives of at least 64 people and inflicted injuries to 113 others in 63 different incidents inIndiaduring September 2011. More than one-half of the victims were non-combatants. Those killed included 37 civilians, 16 militants and 11 security personnel. All but one civilian’s deaths were reported in militants’ activities. At least 40 people were killed and 106 others injured in 27 militants’ activities while security forces actions took lives of 24 people and inflicted injuries to seven others in 36 different incidents. The breakup of the incidents of armed conflicts and resultant casualties inIndiais given below:

CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN INDIA

S.#

Nature of Attack

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militant Activities

27

3

1

36

40

4

2

100

106

2.

Security Forces Actions

36

8

15

1

24

7

0

0

7

GRAND TOTAL

63

11

16

37

64

11

2

100

113

 

2.2.1 MILITANT ACTIVITIES:

The militants continued to operate in different parts ofIndia. The eastern region, however, has been the worst hit area of insurgency where 13 attacks took lives of 12 people. The civilians’ deaths ranked highest among the total casualties in the region. In northern region, five people were killed and 12 others left wounded in 7 incidents. In western region, 17 people including 16 civilians were killed and 92 others, all civilians, injured in 4 different incidents. In northeastern region, 8 militant activities took lives of 8 people and inflicted injuries on 9 others. Those killed included all civilians. In western region, 3 civilians were killed in 2 different incidents. No militants’ activity was reported in the southern region. The region-wise breakup of militants’ activities and resultant casualties is given below:

PROVINCE AND REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANT ACTIVITIES (INDIA)

S.#

Province Name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Eastern Region (ER)

13

2

1

9

12

2

2

1

5

2.

 Northern Region (NR)

4

1

0

16

17

0

0

92

92

3.

North Eastern Region (NER)

8

0

0

8

8

0

2

7

9

4.

Southern Region (SR)

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5.

Western Region (WR)

2

0

0

3

3

0

0

0

0

GRAND TOTAL

27

3

1

36

40

2

4

100

106

 

            The militants used different tactics including assaults (raids and ambushes), bomb blasts etc. However, the militant assaults ranked highest in terms of number of any of the sub-categories in insurgency. However, highest deaths were reported in bomb blasts or IEDs. At least 16 people were killed and 6 others injured in 17 different assaults during the month. Those killed included 13 civilians and 3 security personnel. No less than 17 people were killed and 98 others sustained injuries in 5 bomb blasts. All those killed or injured in bomb blasts were civilians. The summary of militants’ activities and consequent casualties is given below:

MILITANT ACTIVITIES

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

INDIA

Assault

17

3

0

13

16

4

0

2

6

Bomb blast

5

0

0

17

17

0

0

98

98

Targeted Killing

2

0

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

Kidnapped &  killing

2

0

0

4

4

0

0

0

0

Other(s)

1

0

1

0

1

0

2

0

2

TOTAL:

27

3

1

36

40

4

2

100

106

 

2.2.2    SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

            The Indian security forces in their counter insurgency campaign killed 24 people and inflicted injuries to 7 others in 36 different activities. Most of those killed in these actions were alleged militants, i.e. 15. At least 8 security personnel and a civilian also lost their lives in these actions. The breakup of the security forces actions and resultant casualties is given below:

SECURITY FORCES OPERATIONS

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

INDIA

Security Forces action

36

8

15

1

24

7

0

0

7

TOTAL:

36

8

15

1

24

7

0

0

7

            The highest number of security forces actions was reported in the eastern region but highest resultant deaths were reported in the northern region. The security forces undertook at least 16 actions killing 4 people and inflicting injuries to 3 others in the eastern region. Among the killed included 2 militants and 2 security personnel. Three security personnel were also injured in these actions. In northern region, security forces actions took lives of 18 people including 6 security personnel and a civilian. At least 4 security persons were injured in the region. In northeastern region, 12 security forces actions and 2 resultant deaths, both alleged militants, were reported during the month. The region-wise breakup of Indian security forces actions and consequent fatalities is given below:

REGION / PROVINCE-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS (INDIA)

S.#

Province Name

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Eastern Region (ER)

16

2

2

0

4

3

0

0

3

2.

Northern Region (NR)

8

6

11

1

18

4

0

0

4

3.

North Eastern Region (NER)

12

0

2

0

2

0

0

0

0

4.

Southern Region (SR)

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5.

Western Region (WR)

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

GRAND TOTAL

36

8

15

1

24

7

0

0

7

2.2.3    INDIAN HELD JAMMU AND KASHMIR:

            Indian held Jammu and Kashmir remained the most troubled state in India where 21 people were killed and 8 others wounded in 10 different violent incidents. About one-half of the victims were alleged militants. At least 3 people were killed and 4 others injured in 2 different militants’ activities. Those killed included 2 civilians and a security personnel. At least 18 people were killed and 4 others injured in 8 security forces actions. Those killed included 11 alleged militants, 6 security personnel and a civilian. The breakup of the incidents of armed conflicts and resultant death in Indian heldKashmiris as under:

            CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN INDIAN HELD JAMMU AND KASHMIR

S.#

Nature of Attack

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militants’ Activities

2

1

0

2

3

0

0

4

4

2.

Security forces Actions

8

6

11

1

18

4

0

0

4

GRAND TOTAL

10

7

11

3

21

4

0

4

8

2.3     PAKISTAN

The anti-state / anti-government insurgency and counter-militancy campaign took at least 397 lives and injured more than 464 others in about 113 different incidents inPakistanduring September 2011. Almost three fifths of the victims were alleged militants while civilians’ deaths constituted more than one fourth of the total casualties in the country. Almost all the civilians were killed the in militants’ activities. At least 49 security personnel also lost their lives and 96 others sustained injuries. The number of militants’ activities and consequent deaths in such actions remained far higher than security forces actions. The largest victims of insurgency were the militants themselves followed by the civilians. The security forces actions mostly targeted the alleged militants. The CIA driven drone attacks killed 22 people and injured 9 others in 4 different attacks. The summary of the overall incidents of violence and resultant casualties inPakistanduring September 2011 is given below:

            CATEGORY-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN PAKISTAN

S.#

Nature of Attack

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

Militant Activities

73

41

111

110

262

84

5

257

346

2.

Security Forces Actions

36

8

104

1

113

12

94

3

109

3.

Drone Attacks

4

0

22

0

22

0

9

0

9

GRAND TOTAL

113

49

237

111

397

96

108

260

464

           

 2.3.1    MILITANT ACTIVITIES:

            The anti-state and anti government insurgency took lives of at least 262 people and left 346 others wounded in some 73 incidents during September 2011. The militants’ casualties and civilians deaths remained almost equal in insurgency, which also took lives of 41 security personnel.  

2.3.1.1 PROVINCE / REGION – WISE SUMMARY:

            The militants’ activities were observed in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) and three provinces of the country. No militants’ activity was reported in Punjab during the month. FATA, Khyber PK, andBaluchistanremained the worst hit areas by militancy during the month. The highest numbers of militants’ activities were reported in FATA where 40 incidents took lives of 79 people and inflicted injuries to 71 others. The victims of insurgency also included 42 militants besides 26 civilians and 11 security personnel. However, the highest casualties in insurgency were reported in Khyber PKwhere 118 people were killed and 170 others left injured in 16 different incidents. Those killed included 62 militants, 47 civilians and 9 security personnel. In Baluchistan, 56 people including 32 civilians and 18 security personnel were killed and 94 others wounded in about 15 different incidents. At least 9 people were killed and 7 others sustained injuries in a single incident in Sindh. Those killed included 6 civilians and 3 security personnel. At least 4 people, all civilians, were injured in a single incident of insurgency in Islamabad CapitalTerritory. The province / region – wise breakup of militant activities is given as under: 

PROVINCE / REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN MILITANTS’ ACTIVITIES IN PAKISTAN

S.#

Province / Region

No. of Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

BALUCHISTAN

15

18

6

32

56

26

0

68

94

2.

FATA

40

11

42

26

79

34

5

32

71

3.

KHYBER PK

16

9

62

47

118

24

0

146

170

4.

PUNJAB

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5.

SINDH

1

3

1

5

9

0

0

7

7

6.

IslamabadCapitalTerritory

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

4

GRAND TOTAL

73

41

111

110

262

84

5

257

346

 2.3.1.2 ATTACK – WISE SUMMARY:

            The militants employed various tools such as assaults (raids and ambushes), bomb blasts (IEDs), and suicide attacks etc. during the month. However, the militants’ assaults (raids and ambushes) ranked highest among the any category of militants’ activities as well as cause of highest resultant deaths in insurgency. The militants took lives of 125 people and inflicted injuries to 76 others in 33 different assaults. The militants’ deaths remained highest among the dead, i.e.81. At least 23 civilians and 21 security personnel were also killed in these assaults. The militants also took 26 lives and left 77 others injured in 20 bomb blasts. Half of the victims of bomb blasts were civilians, i.e. 13 while 9 militants and 4 security personnel were also killed in these incidents. The militants also carried out 5 suicide attacks killing as many as 84 people and inflicting injuries to 182 others. More than two-third of those killed in suicide attacks were civilians, i.e. 59. At least 16 security personnel and 9 militants were also killed in these attacks. The militants also took lives of 9 people in 7 incidents of targeted killings and took lives of 5 more people after kidnapping them in 3 different incidents. All of the victims of these 10 incidents were civilians. At least 12 militants were killed and 4 others injured in 2 different incidents of clashes between rival militants’ groups. The summary of militant activities and consequent casualties are given below:

S#

COUNTRY

MILITANT ACTIVITIES

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

PAKISTAN

Assault

33

21

81

23

125

35

0

41

76

Bomb blast

20

4

9

13

26

21

1

55

77

Suicide attack

5

16

9

59

84

28

0

154

182

Rocket / Mortar Attack

3

0

0

1

1

0

0

6

6

Kidnapped & Killed

3

0

0

5

5

0

0

0

0

Targeted Killing

7

0

0

9

9

0

0

1

1

Friendly Fire / Infighting

2

0

12

0

12

0

4

0

4

TOTAL:

73

41

111

110

262

84

5

257

346

 2.3.2    SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS:

            Pakistani security forces continued counter-insurgency campaign, which took lives of 113 people and inflicted injuries to more than one hundred others in 36 different incidents. Those killed included 104 alleged militants, 8 security personnel and a civilian. Most of the security forces actions were reported in Khyber PK but highest casualties in such actions took place in FATA where 105 people, including 98 alleged militants and 6 security personnel were killed in 14 different incidents. At least 103 people, including 91 alleged militants and 9 security personnel, were also left wounded in the area. InKhyber PK, at least 8 people were killed and 6 others left injured in 19 different incidents. Those killed included 6 alleged militants and 2 security personnel. The province / region – wise breakup of security forces actions is given below:

PROVINCE / REGION-WISE DETAILS OF CASUALTIES IN SECURITY FORCES ACTIONS IN PAKISTAN

S.#

Province / Region

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

1.

BALUCHISTAN

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2.

FATA

14

6

98

1

105

9

91

3

103

3.

KHYBER PK

19

2

6

0

8

3

3

0

6

4.

SINDH

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

ISLAMABAD CT

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

GRAND TOTAL

36

8

104

1

113

12

94

3

109

            The security forces killed 29 alleged militants in an air raid. They carried out 35 ground actions killing 84 people and leaving 88 others wounded. Those killed included 75 alleged militants and 8 security personnel. The attack-wise breakup is given below:

SECURITY FORCES OPERATIONS

S#

COUNTRY

NATURE OF

ATTACKS

No. of

Attacks

Killed

Injured

SFP

M

C

Total

SFP

M

C

Total

 

PAKISTAN

Air raids

1

0

29

0

29

5

16

0

21

Security Forces action

35

8

75

1

84

7

78

3

88

TOTAL:

36

8

104

1

113

12

94

3

109

 2.3.3     DRONE ATTACKS:

            American secret Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has continued its drone campaign against suspected Al-Qaeda and Taliban militants in FATA. It carried out 4 drone attacks killing 22 alleged militants and inflicting injuries to 9 others during the last month. First 22 days of the month saw only one drone attack but due to a sudden increase in drone attacks, CIA carried out 7 drone attacks in last seven days of the week.

According to the comparison with previous year’s month of September, this year’s

September saw a remarkable reduction in drone attacks and subsequent killings. September 2010 was deadliest ever month since 2004 when 147 people were killed in 23 (highest ever number of) drone attacks. Conflict Monitoring Center also observes that CIA has lessened number of drone attacks in Pakistan since July. June was the deadliest month of current year when 117 people were killed in 12 drone attacks. July and August saw six drone attacks apiece.


[1]EASTERN AFGH: Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kapisa, Khost, Kunar, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Nuristan, Paktika, Paktya, Panjsher, Parwan, and Wardak. NORTHERN AFGH: Badakhshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Jawzjan, Kunduz, Samangan, Sar-i-pul, and Takhar, SOUTHERN AFGH: Diakundi, Helman, Kandhar, Nimroz, Uruzgan, and Zabul; WESTERN AFGH: Badghis, Farah, Ghor, and Heart Division of Afghanistan is based on four regional commands deployed initially by ISAF Command and Control. For details see “What are Regional Commands (RC) in Afghanistan?” http://armymomstrong.com/what-are-regional-commands-rc-in-afghanistan/
EASTERN INDIA: Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa, and Chhattisgarh; NORTHERN INDIA: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh,Punjab, Haryana, Uttaranchal, Uttar  Pradesh. Uttar Khand, and Madhya Pradesh; SOUTHERN INDIA: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala; WESTERN INDIA: Gujrat, Maharashtra, Goa, and Rajasthan; and NORTHEASTERN INDIA:Arunachal Pradesh,Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, andSikkim.

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Afghanistan Remains Most Violent Country of the Region: Monthly Security Report

  1. Pingback: Country Report Asia - Sept 2011

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s