2010, The Year of Assassination by Drones


The Conflict Monitoring Center (CMC), an independent research center focusing on anti-state militancy and related activities in South Asia, has prepared an annual report(2010) on drone attacks inside Pakistani territory. The report is based on the data collected from mainstream national and international media, e.g. CNN, NY Times, Al-Jazeera, Daily Dawn, The News, Daily Times, Geo News, Daily Express, Daily Ummat and other news organizations. The annual report shows an unprecedented increase in CIA’s assassination campaign against Al-Qaeda and Taliban. Initially it was aimed to decapitate Al-Qaeda and Taliban organizations by eliminating high value targets. Until start of 2008, the focus of the campaign remained the same but President Bush in his last year in office widened the campaign to hit the second and third tier of command structure of Al-Qaeda and Taliban. It was expected that President Barak Obama would review and changeU.S.policy on drone attacks but he not only maintained it but also further intensified the assassination campaign and now CIA is killing even suspected militants. The agency relies on human intelligence and satellite images to ascertain the exact location of militants. It is unclear whether it counterchecks the human intelligence with other available means or not. The nature of the campaign is highly secretive and the agency has never admitted that it was carrying out drone attacks. It is because the agency wants to avoid legal consequences, as state sponsored assassination inside another sovereign country is illegal in international law.

The CIA carried out 132 drone attacks in the year 2010, exceeding the combined number of such attacks made in six years (from 2004 to 2009), i.e., 96. A total of 938 people were killed in 2010. The deadliest month was September in which 147 people were killed in 23 drone attacks. 17th December  was the deadliest day of the year when 54 people were killed in Khyber Agency.

Civilian Casualties in drone attacks are a big concern for human right groups and peace activists. During the year 2010, only two incidents of civilian killings were reported by International media and one by a local newspaper. It shows control relay of body counts by the U.S and Pakistani Intelligence officials. None of the newspapers or TV Channels reported first hand information about casualties.

Most significant death fromU.S.perspective was that of Al-Qaeda’s operational and financial chief Mustafa Abu Yazeed also known as Shaikh Saeed Al-Masri. He was Al-Qaeda’s No.3. FromPakistan’s perspective, most noteworthy death was that of Qari Hussain Mehsud who was believed to be mastermind of suicide attacks inPakistan. Apart from few prominent commanders of Al-Qaeda and Taliban, most of the killed were ordinary suspected militants.

Although the drone attacks are highly controversial inPakistanbut there was no substantial reaction or protest in first ten months. In November, a tribesman from Waziristan served legal notices to CIA’s head Leon Panetta,U.S.defense Secretary Robert Gates and CIA’s Station Chief inIslamabad, Jonathan Banks. After registration of a case in a police station inIslamabad, CIA was forced to pull its local chief out ofIslamabad.Pakistan’s leading political parties unanimously opposed drone attacks. Relatives of the victims of drone attacks staged two days protest inIslamabadin December. Protest is gaining momentum gradually. Anti-war activists also staged well-organized protest against Drone attacks outside CIA’s headquarters inLangley,United States.

CIA stepped up its assassination campaign at a crucial juncture of time whenU.S.state department and Pentagon were trying to win hearts and minds of Pakistani people by participating in relief, rescue, and rehabilitation efforts in flood-affected areas. The intensification of drone attacks, sentencing of Dr. Afia Siddiqui and killing of Pakistani soldiers on a border posts were the three incidents occurred in September 2010, which collectively undermined winning of hearts and mind drive.

1.    Statistical Overview of Drone Attacks in 2010

Every day of the year 2010, witnessed killing of about 3 (2.6) people in drone attacks and every 3rd day of the year saw a drone attack inPakistan. There has been an unprecedented increase in US drone attacks insidePakistanin which as many as 938 people were killed. Special Activities Division of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the American premier spy agency, uses unmanned aerial vehicles (pilotless airplanes) for the target killing of commanders and foot soldiers of Al-Qaeda and Taliban. During the year 2010, CIA carried out 132 attacks. It was the deadliest year in terms of strikes and resultant fatalities since launching of the drone attack campaign in 2004. There were highest ever number of drone attacks in a year as their number in 2010 exceeded the combined total number of attacks carried out from 2004 to 2009. Deaths by drone attacks in 2010 are also touching the combined total deaths of previous six years. There were 96 drone attacks reported from 2004 to 2009 killing 1114 people. Nevertheless, the year 2010 alone witnessed 132 attacks and 938 fatalities.

Table 1 Yearly Comparison of Drone Attacks

Period/ Year

No. of Drone Attack

Fatalities

2004-2007

9

109

2008

34

296

2009

53

709

2010

132

938

Total

228

2052

Two thousand and fifty two people have been assassinated in 228 drone attacks since 2004.The drone campaign was intensified during last year of President Bush in office as there were 34 such attacks reported in 2008. It was expected that the newly elected President, Barak Obama, would review and change USpolicy on drone attacks. However, he not only maintained it but also further intensified the assassination campaign. In his first year in office, CIA struck 53 times insidePakistan killing as many as 709 people. The campaign was increased to an unprecedented level in 2010, resulting in to highest number of attacks and ensuing killings. The first month of the year 2010 saw 107 deaths and the last month witnessed 117 deaths by drones.

The last four months of the year 2010, in particular, saw further intensification of drone attacks. September 2010 was the deadliest ever month since 2004. There were 147 people killed in 23 drone attacks in the month. It also witnessed the highest ever number of attacks in a single month in seven years long drone campaign. The second deadliest month of the year was December in which 126 people were killed in 16 drone attacks.

Table 2. Monthly Detail of Drone Attacks

Month

Number of Drone Attack

Number of Deaths

January

12

107

February

9

57

March

9

58

April

5

32

May

7

78

June

6

50

July

5

53

August

4

43

September

23

147

October

21

103

November

15

84

December

16

126

Total

132

938

2.    Most significant Deaths for theUnited States

The most significant victim of the drone attacks from American perspective was Al-Qaeda’s No. 3 leader and financial and operational chief Mustafa Abu Yazeed alias Sheikh Saeed Al-Masri who was killed on May 22 in North Waziristanalong with his wife, three daughters, and a granddaughter. In December 2009, al-Masri was reported of claiming responsibility for the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. He told Adnkronos International, “We terminated the most precious American asset which vowed to defeat mujahideen.” The Asia Times Online also reported that it had received a claim of responsibility from al-Masri by telephone[i]

Another significant death was of an Egyptian Al-Qaeda Commander Sheikh Fateh who took over as al-Qaeda’s chief of operations forAfghanistanandPakistanin May after death of Al-Masri but he was also killed on September 28, 2010.

Al-Qaeda’s other prominent militants targeted in drone attacks included Ghazwan Al-Yamni, Hamza Al-Joufi, Mahmud Mahdi Zeidan, FBI most wanted Jamal Saeed Abdul Rahim, and Shaikh Mansoor,

Taliban commanders killed in drone attacks during 2010 included Qari Hussain of TTP, Sirajuddien Haqqani’s cousin Saifullah, Ibn-e-Ameen, Ali Marjan and Qari Zafar.

Out of 938 reported deaths, 72 were foreign militants mostly Arabs. However, Uzbeks and Chinese (militants of Islamic Movement of Turkistan) were also killed in drone attacks. It means only 7.6 percent of reported militant killed in drone attacks belonged to Al-Qaeda’s hardcore.

3.    Significant Death from Pakistani Perspective

Most significant death from Pakistani perspective was that of Qari Husain Mehsud who was believed to be mastermind of suicide attacks in Pakistan. Although TTP had denied his death but Asia Time Online confirmed that he was killed in a drone attack on October7, 2010.[ii] The day when Qari Husain was killed 12 persons, including two children, were killed and over 65 others sustained injuries when two suicide bombers blew themselves up at the shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi in the Clifton area of Karachi in Sindh. This was the 40th suicide attack of the year 2010in Pakistan. The nation saw a notable decrease in suicide attacks after the death of Qari Husain. Only nine suicide attacks were carried out in Pakistan after his.[iii]

4.    From High Value Targets to Foot Soldiers

Apart from these few Al-Qaeda and Taliban commanders, the rest of the people killed were mere foot soldiers. This is first time in the history of warfare that a spy agency is targeting ordinary fighters in its highly expensive target killing campaign. Initially the drones were aimed to hit only high value targets but now, the CIA also targets suspected militants regularly.

According to US media reportsPakistanhas secretly approved the drone attacks insidePakistanbut officiallyPakistandenies these allegation. The unease of Pakistani government regarding drone attacks shows that U.S. is crossing the alleged ‘allowed’ limits. It seems that if it was indeed allowed then the limits were to hit only high value targets. The expansion of the campaign from high value targets to ordinary foot soldiers is causing irritation in Islamabad.

American government never publically admit that it uses drones for target killing inside territory of another sovereign country but privately US officials consider the drone campaign a vital part of war on terror.

5.    Frequency of Drone Attacks

In average, every day of the year 2010 witnessed killing of about 3 (2.6) persons in drone attacks and every 3rd day of the year saw a drone attack in Pakistan. There were 132 drone attacks carried out on 94 different days killing 938 persons. In average, each day of the attack witnessed killing of 10 persons while every strike took seven lives. Fifty seven percent (75) of the 132 attacks were carried out in the last four months of the year.

6.    Main Target North Waziristan

In the year 2010, 119 out of total 132 drone attacks were carried out in North Waziristan, which accounts 90.15 percent of the total attacks.South Waziristanwas hit only nine times by drones. Khyber Agency, previously spared by drones in 2010, was targeted twice in December killing 62 people in two consecutive days. Earlier, there was a common perception inPakistanthatU.S.did not use drones against Taliban who were fighting against Pakistani forces. However, the killings of Baitullah Mehsud (2009) and Qari Husain (2010) have, to some extent, changed this perception. Despite these two high level deaths, TTP led by Hakeemullah Mehsud is yet not the primary focus of drone attacks.

7.    Single Deadliest Day

Single deadliest day of the year 2010 was 17 December when three drone attacks killed 54 people in Khyber Agency. The victims were believed to be members of Lashkar-e-Islam which is a militant group involved in local fighting. Lashkar-e-Islam usually avoids confrontation with Pakistani armed forces. There are no credible reports that the group sends militants across the border to fight against NATO forces. However, the group is accused of carrying out attacks on NATO supply containers.

8.    Flood Relief and Drone Attacks

U.S.pledged hundreds of millions of dollars for flood victims. It used its war machinery to help flood affectees in the country in order to win hearts and minds of Pakistani public. Ironically, at a time when U.S. was saving lives in one part of the country, it also intensified drone attacks to unprecedented level taking lives in another part of the country. In September, American humanitarian efforts were at their peak in Pakistan after a devastating flood across most parts of the country. However, September was also the deadliest month of the year with 147 fatalities in highest ever (23) drone attacks. In the same month, an air strike on a Pakistani border post further deteriorated the situation. Meanwhile, a court inU.S.sentenced Dr. Afia Siddiqui, which poured fuel on file. These three incidents further tarnished American image among Pakistani public. TheUSgovernment spent millions of dollars in flood-affected areas but failed to get benefit of it. It lost the opportunity to win trust of the Pakistani people. These three incidents collectively undermined theU.S.efforts to win hearts and minds of Pakistani nation. It also suggests that there is a lack of coordination betweenU.S.state department, Pentagon, CIA and Law and Justice Department. The campaign of wining hearts and mind was not positively backed due to uncoordinated efforts of these different departments.

9.    Assassination Campaign Turned into Revenge Campaign?

A Jordanian Suicide bomber trained by TTP blew himself up in a CIA base in Khost provinceof Afghanistanon the penultimate day of 2009. The CIA lost seven of its officer in the attack. It was the worst ever attack since 1983 when the agency lost 8 of its agents in Beirut, Lebanon. TTP claimed responsibility of the attack and said the attack was meant to avenge death of Baitullah Mehsud, the head of TTP. In retaliation, CIA had vowed to avenge deaths of its officers.[iv] It seems the agency kept its words and wrote a new history in targeted killings. However, the Taliban faction (Hakeemullah Mehsud) responsible for the killings of CIA agents in Khost was avenged nominally in the campaign as more than 90 percent drone attacks hit its rival groups, such as that of Qari Gul Bahadur.

10.  Taliban’s Retaliation

In 2010, Taliban have stepped up their revenge campaign against suspected U.S. spies in the North Waziristan. Suspected American spies are being killed regularly. Tribesmen in the region have said corpses appear in fields and on roadsides, almost every day with written warnings pinned to their clothes “All American spies will meet the same fate.” The tribesmen now say the US campaign has had extensive consequences for people in North Waziristan and has provoked cycles of violence that are difficult to predict and impossible to control. The intelligence officials said that 70 informants of Intelligence agencies have been assassinated in North Waziristan since 2004, making the area nearly a “black hole” for spies.[v] The relatives of these alleged spies deny Taliban’s claims. It seems civilians are at receiving ends from both sides of the conflict.

11.                       Unreported Civilian Deaths

Only two incidents of civilian casualties were reported in international media while one incident was reported by a local newspaper. In these three incidents, only 17 people were reported dead. Apparently, this figure suggests that only a fraction of total fatalities were civilians but in reality, there are too many complications in determining exact number of civilian casualties. Almost none of the media organization reported body counts from independent sources throughout the year. Almost all reports were based on claims of unnamed U.S.and Pakistani intelligence officials. Fearing public reaction, the security officials whitewashed civilian casualties. Neither Pakistan nor U.S. government has any proper mechanism to ascertain civilian deaths in this unparalleled killing campaign. It is also a debatable question whether CIA’s drone campaign is still a target killing exercise or it is now randomly killing all suspected militants. There is no specific definition of combatant militants in the area. People in the tribal belt usually carry guns and ammunition as a tradition. U.S.drone will identify anyone carrying a gun as a militant and subsequently he will be killed. Another method to identify the target is human intelligence. It is unclear whether CIA counter-checks human intelligence with other available sources or not because in Afghanistan and Pakistani tribal belt people use to settle their personal enmity by accusing their opponent as militant and passing wrong information to U.S. forces. As the drone, campaign is kept highly secret the world does not know what measures, if any, CIA has set in place to avoid civilian casualties. However, researches conducted by some western think tanks suggest that civilians are common victims of drone attacks. Brooking Institute’s research suggests that for every militant killed ten or so civilians also died[vi]. According to a report by Campaign for Innocent Victims in Conflict (CIVIC), at least 2100 civilians were killed and various others injured during 2009 in the ongoing war on terror, drone attacks, and activities against the terrorists. The report says the bereaved families of these people have been left helpless without any proper assistance provided to them[vii]. Another study by New America Foundation, which supports drone attacks, suggests that in a total of 114 drone strikes in Pakistan between 2004 and early 2010 approximately between 834 and 1,216 individuals had been killed, about two thirds of them were thought to be militants and one third were civilians. However, the study of New America Foundation is based on media reports not on first hand information. Analysis of media reports in 2010 clearly suggests that civilian casualties were deliberately overlooked to avert the public reaction. International media reported civilian deaths only two times in 132 different attacks while one incident was reported by a local newspaper. One even cannot find mentioning of civilian deaths in controlled reports.

Not only the intelligence officials but also the FATA secretariat, which works under governor of Khyber Pakhtun Khawh province, is responsible for ignoring civilian casualties in drone attacks. There are eleven elected members of National Assembly from FATA but they were too unable to highlight civilian deaths in drone attacks.

Taliban militants are one of the biggest hurdles in reporting civilian deaths. They use to cordon off the area after every attack to conceal the identity of their killed commanders and fighters. Local or international journalists are also not allowed by them in the area to collect the data of civilian and militant deaths in drone attacks.

Taliban are also accused of using civilians as a shield to avoid drones but CIA does not spare them while they are with their family members. Baitullah Mehsud and Mustafa Abu Yazeed alias Sheikh Saeed Al-Masri were killed along with their wives and children.

During the year 2010, it is also observed that drones do not spare funeral prayers of the killed militants as well. This coercive policy is aimed at forcing ordinary people not to participate in funeral prayers of militants to isolate them from general public. Many times, people involved in rescue activities also come under attack. The assumption that these people are supporters of militants is quite wrong as in Muslim traditions and teaching people use to help rescue injured and bury the dead bodies regardless of their affiliation with a certain group or ideology.

12.                       Question Mark on Militant Deaths

According to media reports, 921 militants were killed and 228 were wounded in 132 drone attacks in 2010. Nevertheless, all these reports are claims of security officials. One cannot find a single report throughout the year in which a media outlet carried first hand information from its own sources on the ground. All these claims of security officials cannot be confirmed or denied. However, there are confirmed reports that security officials claimed deaths of senior commanders of Al-Qaeda and Taliban but these reports were mere assumptions. For instance, Security officials claimed killing of Sheikh Saeed Al-Masri alias Mustafa Abu Yazeed on August 12, 2008. These claims were published by a leading Pakistani aa British and an American newspaper[viii][ix][x]. The claims were baseless as Al-Masri was not even in the area where attacks took place. Interestingly all the three newspapers reported the news as an ‘exclusive’ story. But in reality, they were misguided by false claims of intelligence officials. Similarly, claims of Qari Husain’s death in January 2008 proved wrong when he emerged in may 2008 in front of media[xi] The question is who were killed in the name of Al-Masri and Qari Husain?

Except few commanders of Al-Qaeda and Taliban the rest of those killed are unidentified people. Pakistani orU.S.officials do not release names of the killed people. It is assumed that they do not have the names, as the campaign is no longer a targeted killing. It has turned into mass killings of suspected militants in the area. Z

13.                       Reaction against Drone Attacks

Reaction against Drone attacks is gathering momentum in Pakistan. Until October, there was no significant reaction against the drone attacks. However, as the CIA intensified its campaign of target killing, the reaction in Pakistantoo gradually gathered momentum. In November, a resident of North Waziristan Karim Khan addressed a press conference in Islamabadand demanded $500 million in compensation for the deaths of his son, brother and a mason. Karim Khan’s lawyer announced that he would send legal notices to U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, CIA’s chief Leon Panetta, and CIA’s Station Chief in Islamabad Jonathan Banks to provide compensation or otherwise face legal consequences. Later on Karim Khan submitted an application for the registration of a First Investigation Report (FIR) against Central Investigation Agency’s (CIA) Station Chief Jonathan Banks in Secretaries Police Station of Islamabad. CIA hastily pulled its spy chief out of Pakistanin fear of legal action against him. On December 9 and 10, 2010, tribesmen from Waziristan staged a two days organized protest in Islamabad against drone attacks. On December 28, all leading political parties of the country unanimously declared that drone attacks were tantamount to compromising the sovereignty of Pakistanand the government and the Pakistan Army should take immediate measures to stop them. Leaders of these parties said the government and authorities should sort out the matter in accordance with parliament’s unanimous resolutions and take action against the extremists by themselves wherever it is needed[xii]. These parties include Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Muslim League (Q) Jamat-e-Islami, Tehreek-e-Insaf, MQM, ANP, and JUI-F. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani condemned drone attacks and termed them counterproductive in one of his press talks in December[xiii]. On December 29, 2010, he also assured the National Assembly that he would resolve the issue of drone attacks by US forces in Tribal Areas of the country, terming the drone attacks ‘counter-productive’. Answering a point of order raised by parliamentarians from both treasury and opposition benches, the PM said that drone attacks were bringing tribes closer to terrorists. He said the country’s military and political leadership had distanced local tribes from terrorists, but the drone attacks were creating sympathy for terrorists among locals, adding that Pakistan was asking the US to transfer the drone technology to it.[xiv]

On December 30, 2010, fourteen legislators from the opposition and treasury benches in the lower house submitted an adjournment motion in the National Assembly Secretariat. The motion was moved by President of National Democratic Alliance Nawabzada Khawaja Muhammad Khan Hoti and signed by parliamentary leader of PML-Q Makhdoom Faisal Salah Hayat, Riaz Hussain Peerzada, Sheikh Waqas Akram, Engineer Shukatullah, Akhunzada Chattan, Zafar Baig Bhitani, Javed Husnain and Maulana Attaur Rehman. Talking to media persons after submitting the adjournment motion on drone attacks in the FATA, Hoti said the continues drone attacks has created a perception that these are being conducted with the consent of the rulers of the country. He said by signing this adjournment motion, the members of all the parliamentary parties gave a message to the people of FATA that the whole nation stands with the them at this juncture of time[xv]. It seems that protest against drone attacks is seeking momentum and next year it can be one of the political issues for public demonstrations.

14.                       Protest inUnited States

Protests against drone attacks in U.S.were far better organized than in Pakistan. On January 17, 2010, Anti-war activists held a protest march outside CIA offices in the US capital against drone strikes in Pakistan that they said drones had killed hundreds of innocent people in Pakistan.[xvi] Around one hundred protesters, led by Cindy Sheehan, an anti-war activist, gathered near the entrance of the Central Intelligence Agency in Langley, VA. There was an immense police presence, and crime scene tape was placed all around the CIA’s offices. The main entrance on Dolley Madison Boulevard was completely blocked off. [xvii] The protest jolted CIA even before it was commenced. One day prior to the protest, Face Book deleted the invitation page created by the organizers of the protest. They blamed CIA for using its influence in removing the page. [xviii] In March 2009, Anti-War activist gathered outside Creech U.S. Airbase in Nevada State to protest against drone attacks. CIA uses this base to control drone campaign.

15.                       Recommendations

  • Government ofPakistanshould clear its position categorically regarding drone attacks inside Pakistani territory. If it has secretly allowed the assassination campaign of CIA then the nation should be taken into confidence in clear terms. In this case, the government ofPakistanwill be equally responsible for the civilian deaths and collateral damages causes by missiles fired fromU.S.drones. It should devise a comprehensive plan for the compensation and rehabilitation of the genuine victims of drone attacks and make sure that no civilian is hurt.
  • On the other hand, if government ofPakistanhas not allowed drone attacks then it should raise the issue on international level and play its part in safeguarding national borders and sovereignty of the country. It should let the nation know why it is unable to stopU.S.from violating its airspace and killing its people.
  • FATA Secretariat in Peshawar should play its part in releasing information on civilian casualties in drone attacks. The Senate and National Assembly members from the area should come forward and let the world know if they are supporting drone attacks against the militants are they are opposing this campaign.
  • The name of ordinary militants should be provided to media by either CIA or Pakistani official. It is necessary to countercheck the claims ofU.S.and Pakistani officials.
  • Women and children should be spare in any kind of conflicts and all the concerning parties must act appropriately that no woman or child is hurt.
  • Local journalists should be provided protection so that they can report fairly and freely aftermaths of drone attacks.
  • International and national research organization and human right activists should be provided protection and opportunities so that the real picture of drone attacks can be presented to the world.

Annexure

  1. Graphical Representation of Drone Attacks in 2010
  2. Daily Table of Drone Attacks in 2010
  3. Reference

September (Dark Blue) and October (Pink) saw the highest number of attacks (23 and 21 respectively)

Bothe the curves (Attacks and Killed) suddenly go upward in September 2010

Table 3 Drone Attacks Daily Data

 Date  No. of Attacks  Locality  Killed  Injured Detail of fatalities
Militants Civilians
Foreigner Local Total Women Children
Jan 1 1 North Waziristan(Mir ali) 3 3 xxx 3 na na na
Jan 3 1 North Waziristan(Mir ali) 5 xxx 3 2 na na na
Jan 6 2 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 17 7 Xxx 17 na na na
Jan 8 1 North Waziristan(Miram Shah) 6(Jamal saeed) 3 2 4 na na na
Jan 9 1 North Waziristan(Datta Khel) 4 5 xxx 4 na na na
Jan 14 1 South Wazistan(Shaktoi) 18(Mahsud killed) 14 xxx 18 na na na
Jan  15 2 North Waziristan(Shaktoi, Mir Ali) 11 xxx 3 8 na na na
Jan 17 1 South Waziristan(Shaktoi) 22 xxx 5 17 na na na
Jan 19 1 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 6 4 xxx 6 na na na
Jan 29 1 North Waziristan 15 4 6 9 na na na
Feb 2 4 North Wazirstan(Datta khel) 29 xxx xxx 29 na na na
Feb 14 1 North WAzirstan(Mir Ali) 7 4 xxx 7 na na na
Feb 15 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 4 1 xxx 4 na na na
Feb 17 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 4 2 xxx 4 na na na
Feb 18 1 North Wazistan(Miran Shah) 4 5 2 2 na na na
Feb 24 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 9 4 3 6 na na na
March 8 1 North Wazirstan(Miranshah) 5 4 xxx 5 na na na
March 10 2 North WAzirstan(Miran Shah) 14 4 xxx 14 na na na
March 16 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 11 2 xxx 11 na na na
March 17 2 North Wazistan(Miran Shah) 10 6 xxx 10 na na na
March 21 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 8 2 xxx 8 na na na
March 28 1 North Waziristan 4 5 xxx 4 na na na
March 31 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 6 xxx xxx 6 na na na
Apr 12 1 North  Wazirstan(Boya village) 5 2 xxx 5 na na na
Apr 14 1 North WAzirstan( Amboor Shaga) 4 4 3 1 na na na
Apr 16 1 North Waziristan(Toorkhel) 6 22 xxx 6 na na na
Apr 24 1 North Wazistan(Machi Khel) 9 xxx xxx 9 na na na
Apr26 1 North Waziristan(Mir Ali) 8 10 xxx 8 na na na
May 3 1 North Waziristan(Marsikhel near Mir ali) 6 2 xxx 6 na na na
May 9 1 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 11 4 xxx 11 na na na
May 11 2 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 24 4 xxx 24 na na na
May 15 1 North Waziristan(Tirah valley near Khyber) 15 5 xxx 15 na na na
May 22 1 North Wazistan(Dattakhel) 10 xxx xxx 10 4 2 2
May 28 1 South Waziristan(Mizai nari near wana) 12 3 xxx 12 na na na
Jun 10 1 North Waziristan(Mir ali) 3 xxx xxx 3 na na na
Jun 11 1 North Waziristan(Dattakhel) 15 xxx xxx 15 na na na
Jun 19 1 North Waziristan(Sokhel village) 13 16 1 12 na na na
Jun 26 1 North Waziristan     ( Mir Ali) 5 2 X 5 na na na
Jun 27 1 North Wazistan(Miran Shah) 6 2 xxx 6 na na na
Jun 29 1 North Waziristan (South Waziristan) 8 2 1 7 na na na
Jul 15 1 North Wazirstan(Mada Khel) 14 xxx na 14 na na na
Jul 24 1 South WAzirstan 18 xxx xxx 18 na na na
July 25 1 South Waziristan(Shaktoi) 14 5 xxx 14 na na na
Jul 25 1 South  Waziristan(Landikhel) 3 2 xxx 3 na na na
Jul 25 1 North Wazistan(Tabbi Tolkhel) 4 5 xxx 4 na na na
Aug 14 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 13 5 xxx 13 na na na
Aug 21 1 North Waziristan(Miran shah) 6 xxx xxx 6 na na na
Aug 23 1 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 20 xxx xxx 20 7 4 3
Aug 28 1 South  Waziristan(kurram) 4 xxx xxx 4 na na na
Sep 3 2 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 12 5 xxx 12 na na na
Sep 4 1 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 8 2 xxx 8 na na na
Sep 6 1 North Waziristan(Datta khel) 5 xxx xxx 5 na na na
Sep 8 3 North Waziristan 18 xxx 2 18 na na na
Sep 9 1 North Wazistan 6 5 xxx 6 na na na
Sep 12 1 North Waziristan(Datta Khel) 6 xxx 2 6 na na na
Sep 14 2 North Waziristan(Shwal, Miran Shah) 17 3 xxx 17 na na na
Sep 15 2 North Waziristan(Dargah Mandi, Dattakhel) 21 xxx xxx 21 na na na
Sep 19 1 North Waziristan(Datta Khel) 5 3 xxx 5 na na na
Sep 20 1 North Waziristan(Miran Shah) 9 3 xxx 9 na na na
Sep 21 2 North Waziristan(Wana, khund) 19 xxx xxx 19 na na na
Sep 25 1 North Waziristan(Datta Khel) 4 xxx xxx 4 na na na
Sep 26 3 North Waziristan 9 xxx xxx 9 na na na
Sep 27 1 North Waziristan 4 xxx xxx 4 na na na
Sep 28 1 South Waziristan(wana) 4 xxx xxx 4 na na na
Oct. 2 3 North Waziristan 18 xxx 5 13 na na na
Oct. 4 1 North Waziristan 8 xxx 8 xxx na na na
Oct. 6 2 North Waziristan 11 2 xxx 11 na na na
Oct. 7 1 North Waziristan 4 X 2 2 na na na
Oct. 8 2 North Waziristan 10 X xxx 10 na na na
Oct. 10 1 North Waziristan 7 3 xxx 7 na na na
Oct  13 4 North Waziristan 11 X xxx 11 na na na
Oct. 15 3 North Waziristan 13 X xxx 7 6 na na
Oct. 18 1 North Waziristan 6 5 2 4 na na na
Oct. 27 2 North Waziristan 8 X X 8 na na na
Oct.  28 1 North Waziristan 7 2 5 2 na na na
Nov. 1 1 North Waziristan 5 2 xxx 5 na na na
Nov. 3 3 North Waziristan 13 3 5 8 na na na
Nov. 7 2 North Waziristan 13 xxx xxx 13 na na na
Nov. 11 1 North Waziristan 6 3 xxx 6 na na na
Nov. 13 1 North Waziristan 5 2 3 2 na na na
Nov. 16 2 North Waziristan 20 xxx 4 16 na na na
Nov. 19 1 North Waziristan 4 2 xxx 4 na na na
Nov. 21 1 North Waziristan 9 xxx 3 6 na na na
Nov. 22 1 North Waziristan 5 xxx xxx 5 na na na
Nov. 26 1 North Waziristan 4 xxx xxx 4 na na na
Nov. 28 1 North Waziristan 0 xxx xxx xxx na na na
 Dec. 6 2 North Waziristan 8 NA xxx 8 na na na
Dec. 10 1 North Waziristan 4 xxx 2 2 na na na
Dec. 14 1 North Waziristan 4 xxx xxx 4 na na na
Dec. 16 1 Khybar 7 xxx xxx 7 na na na
Dec. 17 3 Khybar 54 9 xxx 7 na na na
xxx 32 na na na
xxx 15 na na na
Dec. 27 3 North Waziristan 22 XXX XXX 18 na na na
Dec. 28 4 North Waziristan 23 XXX
Dec. 31 1 North Wazirstan 4 xxx xxx xxx na na na
Total 132 938 228 72 833 17 6 5

References:


[i] Group: Al Qaeda says top leader in Afghanistan dies. (2010, 5 31). Retrieved from CNN: http://afghanistan.blogs.cnn.com/2010/05/31/group-al-qaeda-says-top-leader-in-afghanistan-dies/

[ii] Drones ever-closer to Pakistan’s militants  (27-10-2010) Asia Times Online

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/LJ27Df02.html

[iii]  Fidayeen (Suicide Sauad) attacks in Pakistan. SATP

http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/database/Fidayeenattack.htm

[iv]  CIA Resolved to Avenge Agents’ Deaths (1-1-2010) ABC News

http://abcnews.go.com/WN/cia-resolved-avenge-agents-deaths/story?id=9462165

[v]  Militants kill US spies to avenge drone attacks (24-12-2010). TheHindustan Times

http://www.hindustantimes.com/Militants-kill-US-spies-to-avenge-drone-attacks/Article1-642233.aspx

[vi]  Do Targeted Killing Works (14-7-2009) Brooking Institute

http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/2009/0714_targeted_killings_byman.aspx

[vii] Drone attacks victims left helpless: CIVIC (11-12-2010) The News International

http://www.thenews.com.pk/NewsDetail.aspx?ID=7016

[viii]  “Senior Al Qaeda leader among 18 killed in Bajaur” (13-8-2008) Daily Dawn

http://archives.dawn.com/2008/08/13/top7.htm

[x]  “Al Qaeda official is said to be dead” (13-12-2008)  Los Angeles Times

http://articles.latimes.com/2008/aug/13/world/fg-qaeda13

[xi]  “Tailban chief ideologist survives ‘Zalzala’” (5-5-2008) Daily Times

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=20085\26\story_26-5-2008_pg7_2

[xii]  All parties demand end to drone attacks (28-12-2010) The News International Islamabad

[xiii] US drone attacks counter-productive: Gilani, (26-12-2010) Daily Dawn

[xiv]  Gilani assures NA of resolving drone strikes issue (30-12-2010) Daily Times

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2010\12\30\story_30-12-2010_pg7_1

[xv]  Motion moved in NA for debate on drone attacks (31-12-2010) The News International

http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=23096&Cat=2

[xvi]  Protest outside CIA offices against drone strikes (17-1-2010) Daily Dawn Sunday

[xvii] A protest outside the CIA against drone attacks (17-1-2010)BaltimoreNonviolenceCenter

http://baltimorenonviolencecenter.blogspot.com/2010/01/protest-outside-cia-against-drone.html

[xviii]  Don’t Look At This! CIA DRONE PROTEST (3-1-2010) CENCERED NEWS

http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2010/01/dont-look-at-this-cia-drone-protest.html

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